Vaginal Itching: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Vaginal burning or itching is discomfort that many women suffer from in the genital area, as many causes can cause this unpleasant sensation. Let us analyze its clinical bases.

Vaginal itching is an uncomfortable sensation in the vaginal area due to different types of etiology and related to other symptoms. Vaginal itching is a typical symptom in women, being one of the central gynecological consultations. The causes include fungi, excessive hygiene or hygiene with irritating products, decreased estrogen in menopause, bacterial vaginosis, sexually transmitted disease, skin irritation, stress, or even vulvar cancer. It is essential to detect the cause to know which process to use in the intervention.

 

As we’ve already mentioned, in addition to increased frequency of urine or pain during urination, a change in the vaginal discharge’s color and scent, pain during sexual activity, bleeding during intercourse, and itching can also be accompanied by these symptoms. The type of modification will determine the treatment. Antifungal drugs to combat fungus, antibiotics, antiviral drugs, antiparasitic drugs, estrogen drugs, or steroid creams to lessen inflammation have all been attempted.

 

In this article, we will discuss vaginal itching, how it is defined, what causes it, what symptoms it can show, and what treatments are the most indicated according to the etiology.

What do we mean by vaginal itching?

Vaginal itching is an annoying symptom that causes itching or pain in the vaginal area due to different causes. Despite not being a severe condition, it is one of the most frequent, accounting for approximately 20% of gynecological consultations. Likewise, this affectation is typically recurrent and remains chronic.

For this reason, given that the causes can be diverse and related to different degrees of severity, it is proper for the doctor to assess the symptoms to carry out the right and most appropriate treatment.

As we have mentioned, multiple causes are linked to vaginal itching and varying degrees of severity. So let’s see what alterations can lead to this unpleasant sensation. It is essential to perform regular gynecological check-ups to detect the alteration or pathology early and avoid possible complications.

  1. Skin problems

There are skin conditions such as eczema or dermatitis, swelling of the skin, or psoriasis, which causes redness and irritation of the skin, which can affect the vaginal area and cause discomfort and itching.

  1. Irritating products

The vagina is a delicate body element that requires particular attention. Determining what particulars to use in this area is necessary to avoid causing vexation, an antipathetic response, and conceivably itching. We can keep an eye on the applicable cleaner in this way. It’s advised to use a specific bone. 

  1. Vaginal yeast infection

Vaginal yeast infection is seen when dysregulation of vaginal yeast occurs. Some fungi are typically found in the vaginal area without causing any affectation, but when their quantity increases excessively, it can lead to infection. This deregulation of the fungi may be due to antibiotics since this eliminates the harmful bacteria and the good ones necessary to control the number of fungi.

An example of a fungal infection that occurs frequently is vaginal candidiasis, caused by different fungi called candida, which, increasing rapidly, can cause disease in the vagina and irritation.

  1. STDs

Another common cause that can cause vaginal itching is sexually transmitted diseases that can be transmitted by having unprotected sex. These sexual diseases can be: chlamydia can infect both sexes, causing damage to the female reproductive system, making it difficult to have children in the future; gonorrhea, which causes pain and increased urinary frequency; genital herpes, pain, and difficulty urinating and itching around the genitals; genital warts, which can cause swelling, itching and even bleeding; trichomoniasis, which causes redness, itching, or pain during intercourse.

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis also appears due to dysregulation between good and bad bacteria. In this way, symptoms such as itching and alteration of the flow can be observed, which can change its color, be more whitish, and smell.

  1. Menopause

Menopause can also bring vaginal itching. In this phase, a hormonal change is observed, where estrogens decrease, generating, among other symptoms, a decrease in vaginal discharge and an increase in dryness. This way, if no intervention is performed, these changes can cause vaginal itching.

  1. Foreign body

Clean utensils such as tampons can also cause itching if not appropriately used and not changed according to the recommended frequency.

  1. Stress

Another cause of vaginal itching, although it is less common, is stress since this, if it persists persistently, can cause alterations in the immune system, making it more likely that infections or vaginal conditions will appear.

  1. Vulvar cancer

Cancer of the vulva, part of the external genitalia of women, is also a less frequent cause, but it can cause vaginal itching, among other symptoms such as abnormal bleeding or vulvar pain.

Symptoms of vaginal itching

Different symptoms may exist depending on the underlying cause. It is recommended to intervene if we notice discomfort in the genital area, mainly if it affects our daily life and causes us pain. Along with vaginal itching, we can also feel or observe: a change in vaginal discharge (color and smell), reddened genital area, vaginal pain, blisters, pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse, or change in frequency and urinary pain.

Faced with this symptomatology, we must consult a doctor to detect the precise cause so that they can implement a successful intervention to counteract the affectation. The characteristic procedure for observation and diagnosis consists of asking the patient questions regarding symptoms, visual inspection of the area, analysis of tissue and flow samples, and urine and/or blood analysis.

Treatment of vaginal itching

In the same way that different etiologies can cause vaginal itching, it will be necessary to carry out various interventions depending on the cause to effectively relieve symptoms. Below we will mention the intervention applied according to the reason detected.

  1. Vaginal yeast infection

As we pointed out, vaginal infections are usually a common cause that leads to a sensation of vaginal itching. In this way, and given that the affectation is not typically severe, there are medicines that we can buy at the pharmacy without a prescription, both pills, and creams. Still, if you have no way endured this sensation and have no way had a vaginal infection, it’s stylish to see a croaker

 to rule out other implicit causes and get the elegant treatment possible. 

 The drugs usually used are antifungals that prevent the growth of fungi and can even kill them.

  1. STDs

Once the gynecologist has detected the type of sexually transmitted disease causing the symptoms, he will prescribe the most appropriate medication to combat the pathology. These can be antibiotics, antivirals, or antiparasitics. For the therapy to be effective and accountable for preventing the spread of the disease, you must follow the medical recommendations.

  1. Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis is usually treated with antibiotic medications, either orally or vaginally, with creams. Since the condition might not be treated entirely and there’s an advanced possibility of the rush of presenting symptoms again, it’s imperative to follow the croaker.

 Instructions and not stop applying the cream or taking the drug despite not passing symptoms. Pregnant women must follow treatment instructions to help with difficulties during parturition. 

  1. Menopause

As we have seen, the main factor contributing to vaginal itching during menopause is the blankness of the vagina brought on by a drop in estrogen situations. For this reason, we can use estrogen creams or rings and lubricants. We can also try changing cleaning products that can dry and irritate the vaginal area and avoid excessive vaginal hygiene.

  1. Other interventions

Referring to other symptomatology mentioned, in the case of observing eczema or psoriasis, we will apply the pertinent creams to reduce the affectation. We will also try to choose suitable hygienic products that do not irritate the skin. Likewise, if it is detected that the cause is vulvar cancer, the appropriate procedure for said pathology will be carried out, such as surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

Steroid cream has also been tried to reduce inflammation and thus discomfort, but we must try to make proper use of them and not apply them in excess, since otherwise, it can lead to side effects and generate more incredible vaginal itching and irritation.